Basements, Exterior Walls

To prevent seepage and condensation problems

- Check basement for dampness & leakage after wet weather

- Check chimneys, deteriorated chimney caps, loose and missing mortar

- Maintain grading sloped away from foundation walls.


To prevent roof leaks, condensation, seepage and decay problems:

- Check for damaged, cracked, loose or missing shingles

- Clean gutters, leaders, strainers, window wells, drains

- Be sure downspouts direct water away from foundation

- Cut back tree limbs

- Check flashings around roof stacks, vents, skylights, chimneys, as sources of leakage

- Check vents, louvers and chimneys for birds nests, squirrels, insects

- Check fascias and soffits for paint flaking, leakage & decay


To prevent paint failure, decay and moisture penetration problems:

- Check painted surface for paint flaking or rot

- Cut back shrubs and trees

- Check exterior masonry walls for cracks, looseness, missing or broken mortar


To prevent air and weather penetration problems:

- Check caulking for decay around doors, windows, corner boards, joints

- Re-caulk and weatherstrip as needed

- Check glazing, putty around windows


For safe electrical performance:

- Mark & label each circuit

- Trip circuit breakers every six months and ground fault circuit interrupters (G.F.C.I.) monthly

- Check condition of lamp cords, extension cords & plugs

- Replace at first sign of wear & damage

- Check exposed wiring & cable for wear or damage

- If you experience slight tingling shock from handling or touching any appliance, disconnect the appliance & have it repaired

- If lights flicker or dim, or if appliances go on and off unnecessarily, call a licensed electrician


Preventive maintenance:

- Drain exterior water lines, hose bibs, sprinkler system, pool equipment in the fall

- Draw off sediment in water heater annually or as per manufacturer instructions

- Have septic tank cleaned every 2 years


For comfort, efficiency, energy conservation and safety:

- Change or clean furnace filters, air condition filters, electronic filters as needed

- Clean and service humidifier & filter, check periodically and annually

- Have oil burning equipment serviced annually


General house maintenance:

- Check bathroom tile joints, tub grouting & caulking

- Be sure all tile joints in bathrooms are kept well sealed with tile grout to prevent damage to walls, floors & ceilings below

- Close crawl vents in winter and open in summer

- Check underside of roof for water stains, leaks, dampness & condensation, particularly in attics and around chimneys

Know the location of:

• Main water shutoff valve

• Main electrical disconnect or breaker

• Main emergency shutoffs to heating system – gas valve & electrical disconnect


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